16.8 Order of Punctuation Marks and Composition Signs [II.8]

Punctuation marks should be brailled in the order that they appear in print. Whenever punctuation and composition signs occur together before a word, number, or letter, the following order should be observed:

  1. Opening parenthesis or bracket
  2. Opening quotation mark
  3. Dash before opening foreign conversation
  4. Italic sign
  5. Opening Spanish question or exclamation mark
  6. Non-Latin letter indicator
  1. Print symbol indicator
  2. Dollar or section sign
  3. Number sign
  4. Letter sign
  5. Apostrophe
  6. Decimal sign
  7. Capital sign
  8. Accent sign

Drill 32

Practice brailling the following sentences.

  1. "When will you be back?" called his comrades as Poncho rode off in the general direction of the border, and his reply was — ¿Quién sabe? —
  2. The circumference of a circle is equal to π x d.
  3. "Écoutez bien," said Professor Moreau, as he launched into his lecture.
  4. He was extremely proud of his former connection with the FBI ("G-men are the world's greatest detectives," he was fond of saying).
  5. "Geh!" she said. "Mach schnell!"
  6. During his senior year at college ('90-91) he lived in the ΠΚΑ house.
  7. In music, diminuendo means to play softer by degrees.
  8. ∆ΕΛΦΟΙ (Delphi) was called the navel of the earth.
  9. Goody Thatcher hoped to see her grandchildren become "polished stons" in the church. "Them i do hertili inbrace," she wrote.
  10. The Greek letters O and are pronounced the same.


Prepare the following sentences for submission to the instructor.


  1. "Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible to feeling as to sight? or art thou but a dagger of the mind, a false creation, proceeding from the heat-oppressèd brain?" —Macbeth
  2. He had just returned to the café after his tête-à-tête with his fiancée.
  3. The new government came into power through a coup d'état but masquerades behind a façade of democracy.
  4. The dénouement of the plot began when the professor crashed the party clad in tuxedo and black suède shoes and wearing a boutonnière of lilies of the valley.
  5. "Merci beaucoup," said Jacques as I handed him the prize.
  6. As the victorious French troops reëntered the city, the crowd triumphantly and spontaneously broke into the Marseillaise: "Allons, enfants de la patrie! Le jour de gloire est arrivé! . . ."
  7. France was represented at Versailles by Georges Clemenceau.
  8. The sign ΚΙΝ∆ΥΝΟΣ alerted us to the dangers of driving in the Greek mountains.
  9. Jeanne d'Arc was known as the "Maid of Orléans."
  10. I said, this restaurant serves all meals table d'hôte, not à la carte.
  11. The note began very formally, "Sehr geehrtes Fräulein Mary Smith: . . ."
  12. —¡Qué bonita!— exclaimed the handsome young gaucho as he doffed his sombrero to the lovely señorita.
  13. The pin on his lapel proudly proclaimed his affiliation with ΣΧ.
  14. “ '69!” he said emphatically, “that was the year I was born!”
  15. The first half of Julia's program closed with Chopin's Étude in E Major.
  16. The memory of her insult still rankled in his mind ("gros cochon" she had called him).
  17. The motto of the United States is “E pluribus unum.”
  18. "The situation has been getting rather unhealthy," Filatov told the mass-circulation weekly Argumenty i Fakty.
  19. Papa's favorite supper dish was pasta with beans, Pasta e Fagioli.
  20. I came home from our trip with German marks, French centimes, and Spanish pesos.
  21. "Schmidt," she said. "Tomorrow Sunday ist. Der mass in Piedras iss nine by der clock."
  22. Serous otitis media is a medical term for fluid in the ear.
  23. Winthrop considered his colony to be a model to others; "Wee must Consider that wee shall be as a Citye upon a hill."
  24. The priest said he hoped Father hadn't had a faithectomy, since he hasn't seen him in church for months.