As with italics, if small, or block, capital letters have been used in print for stylistic purposes, they are ignored in braille. However, if they are used in print to emphasize or distinguish letters or words, the braille italic sign should be used to indicate this change in typeface.
When common words that are not part of a title are printed in small capitals, they are italicized in braille and not capitalized. Example:
It was so obvious she might as well have had guilty printed on her forehead.
• Note the difference between full capitals and small capitals; small capitals are nearly the same height as lower-case letters: GUILTY guilty Guilty
When an entire sentence is in same-size small capitals, use normal capitalization. Example:
The note said: come on over!
When a title appears in small capitals all of the same size, the initial letters of the first and principal words should be capitalized, as well as the first letters of each proper name. Example:
John Leech was famous for his hunt scenes such as the first day of the season.
When the first letter of a word that is printed in small capitals is larger than the rest, follow print. Examples:
The Out-of-the-Way Inn
Gainsborough painted Blue Boy.
When two distinct typefaces must be maintained, the words or letters in small capital letters are indicated by use of the double capital sign. Examples:
Have you read Erik Weihenmayer's Touch the Top of the World?
Capt. Jones of the hms Shanghai said the ship sails at 8 p.m.
• Note: Unless needed for emphasis, when brailling abbreviations, as in 8 p.m. above, ignore the change of typeface and use only the appropriate capital sign(s).
Practice brailling the following sentences.