15.2 Small Capital Letters [II.10.e]

As with italics, if small, or block, capital letters have been used in print for stylistic purposes, they are ignored in braille. However, if they are used in print to emphasize or distinguish letters or words, the braille italic sign should be used to indicate this change in typeface.

When common words that are not part of a title are printed in small capitals, they are italicized in braille and not capitalized. Example:

It was so obvious she might as well have had guilty printed on her forehead.

• Note the difference between full capitals and small capitals; small capitals are nearly the same height as lower-case letters: GUILTY guilty Guilty

When an entire sentence is in same-size small capitals, use normal capitalization. Example:

The note said: come on over!

When a title appears in small capitals all of the same size, the initial letters of the first and principal words should be capitalized, as well as the first letters of each proper name. Example:

John Leech was famous for his hunt scenes such as the first day of the season.

When the first letter of a word that is printed in small capitals is larger than the rest, follow print. Examples:

The Out-of-the-Way Inn

Gainsborough painted Blue Boy.

When two distinct typefaces must be maintained, the words or letters in small capital letters are indicated by use of the double capital sign. Examples:

Have you read Erik Weihenmayer's Touch the Top of the World?

Capt. Jones of the hms Shanghai said the ship sails at 8 p.m.

• Note: Unless needed for emphasis, when brailling abbreviations, as in 8 p.m. above, ignore the change of typeface and use only the appropriate capital sign(s).

Drill 29

Practice brailling the following sentences.

  1. The general planned to withhold his attack until after the troops had landed.
  2. A good source for ideas for new business enterprises is 999 Little-known Businesses.
  3. "Bon appetit!" said the young waiter as he left the table.
  4. The STAR-SPANGLED BANNER, written by Francis Scott Key, was adopted as the U.S. national anthem in 1931.
  5. We'll make the trip for the children, not in spite of the children.
  6. The following books have been written by Lu Bannert: Messages From Hindustan, Discovery, and Night On The Veld.
  7. He is arriving at 3 a.m., not p.m.
  8. The planets that revolve around the sun are: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.
  9. This is the end, he thought, as the speeding car bore down upon him.
  10. "You're on the road to success when you realize that failure is merely a detour."—William G. Milnes, Jr., in The Saturday Evening Post.
  11. Shakespeare was an homme d'esprit.
  12. Little Tonya sang clearly, "a, b, c, d, e, f, g."
  13. What can it be? he wondered, as he examined the odd-looking package.
  14. It is usually easier to get into the state of matrimony than to get out of it.
  15. Education can often achieve what legislation cannot.
  16. The Times' Janet Diana Carr is a first rate reporter.
  17. Mark is on the "A" team and Brian is on the "B" team.