Lesson 11
Short-Form Words
Proper Names

11.1 In General [XVI.47]

Following is a list of all the short-form words used in braille including the twenty-four studied in earlier lessons (in italics). The words in this list have been grouped together in order to facilitate learning through association. A complete alphabetical list of all short- form words can be found in Rule XVI of the official literary code, English Braille American Edition 1994.

* Starred words have special rules.

Short-
form
Meaning Short-
form
Meaning Short-
form
Meaning
ababout*frfriendhmhim
abvabovegdgoodhmfhimself
acaccordinggrtgreatxsits
acracrossimmimmediatexfitself
*afafterlrletteryryour
afnafternoonlllittleyrf yourself
afwafterwardm(st)mustyrvsyourselves
agagain necnecessaryh(er)fherself
ag(st)againsto'co'clock or oclockmyfmyself
almalmostpdpaid(one)foneself
alralreadyp(er)hperhaps(ou)rvsourselves
alalsoqkquick (the)mvsthemselves
al(th)althoughsdsaid(th)yfthyself
altaltogethertgrtogetherdcldeclare
alwalwayscdcoulddclgdeclaring
(be)cbecause(sh)dshould rjcrejoice
(be)fbeforewdwouldrjcg rejoicing
(be)hbehindeieither (con)cv conceive
(be)lbelowneineither(con)cvgconceiving
(be)nbeneathm(ch)muchdcvdeceive
(be)s besides(ch)suchdcvgdeceiving
(be)tbetweentdtoday or to-dayp(er)cvperceive
(be)ybeyondtntonight or to-night p(er)cvgperceiving
*bl blindtmtomorrow or to-morrowrcvreceive
brlbraillercvg receiving
(ch)nchildren
f(st)first

The short-form words learned to this point have been used only as whole words, but, with a few exceptions, short forms can be used as both whole words and parts of words.